India is a country with different sets of people. It is one of the largest countries with multiple cultures, tradition, religion, languages, caste, creed, gender etc. This one aspect makes India standout from the rest of the world. Therefore, in order to gather all people at same platform our Constitution ensures the socio, economic and political development of the same. The Preamble of the Constitution itself states the same. There were certain amendments made in the constitution including the preamble. The preamble included the word ‘Secular’ stating that the State of India does not have its own religion. Similarly, the Constitution has Fundamental Rights, which is the heart and soul of the Indian Constitution.
The State of India is the world’s largest democracy. It not only guarantees equality but also liberty and freedom. It also gives freedom to choose the Government.
2. India and Politics:
The Indian Politics is based on the British Model of the Politics. India has President as the head of the State and Prime Minister as the head of the Government. India has a bicameral legislature. It means that India has two governments hat is one is the ‘CENTRAL or the UNION GOVERNMENT’ and other is ‘STATE GOVERNMENT’. There is one Central Government and each state has its own State Government to manage the central and the state affairs respectively. There is a Parliament consisting of two houses that are:
The Government in India is elected after every five years through elections. India has a multi party system. In other terms, India has different political parties based on different ideologies. These parties based on beliefs, caste, faith, culture or tradition etc. Public has a voluntary right to choose its leaders and whom they think would fulfill the promises. The reason was equal representation in politics. This would help them to address the problem to the government. There is a set hierarchy for the same so that the people would not face the problems. The basic idea behind it was not only to maintain equality but also maintain harmony.
2.1 Political Parties in India:
2.2 Elections in India:
In India, elections take place after every 5 years. The election takes place for Parliament that is Lok Sabha , Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assemblies and Councils etc.
These elections are conducted after every 5 years except when the emergency is declared in India. In case of Rajya Sabha the election of one third seats has to take place in every 2 years. The members are elected by the Legislative Assemblies. In case of a Legislative Council, the local bodies elect the members.
In case of Lok Sabha there can be 552 members but presently there are about 543 members. In this, the members are divided in the following ways:
There are 233 members in Rajya Sabha in which the President of India elects 12 members. The elections in Rajya Sabha take place in every 6 years. After every 2 years one third of the members retire. These 12 members are chosen from various fields like art, science, literature, law, sportsmen, women, executives etc.
3. Indian Politics and Communities:
India is a federal country and has a hierarchy of Political system consisting of the Central Government, the State Government and the Panchayti Raj System, for equal representation of people from all walks of life. India is dependent on the voting system for election.
People in India cast the vote through EVM or Electronic Voting Machines. Nowadays the voting depends upon many factors such as likeness to that party, based on the case, family grounds etc. but in today’s scenario the voting has channelized to the extent that it has caused the communal disharmony among the country people. The political parties in order to gain majority they find ways to gain vote. The parties either promise to fulfill their needs and solve their problems hinting to support their own set of people. This has not only led to disharmony but also crime, corruption, red tapism, bureaucracy etc.
The Political Parties leave no stone to gain popularity. They make false promises for the same. The Election Commission of India is the organization that conducts elections every year. They have their set guidelines for the elections. The political parties go overboard in order to gain power. They would ensure their win if it takes to disrupt the peace of the country. There are certain incidents in India, which have created the communal disharmony.
- One of the major incidents took place post independence that is partition of India and Pakistan. Mohd. Jinnah stated that all the Muslims were welcomed in Pakistan and the place belongs to them. Mahatma Gandhi stated both Hindus and Muslims could stay in India. This led to disharmony since a larger part of Hindus were staying in Pakistan caused several damage to life and property. This caused population to be homeless and penniless.
- One such incident took place in Maharashtra. The incident was that the Government in order to gain support from the locals threw the people that didn’t belong to the state. This caused the violence among the people and loss of life and property.
- The other incident and one of the main issues is the ‘Ayodhya Mandir’ case. In this case it was noted that the place where Babri Masjid was built during the reigning period of the Mughal Emperor Babur, by destroying the Ram Mandir. This started in the year 1984 where VHP alias Vishva Hindu Parishad gathered people to demolish the masjid. In the year 2010, the Allahabad High Court passed the judgment of dividing land into three parts in which one part was given for Temple development, second part to Muslim waqf board and other for Nimrohi Akhara. The Supreme Court upheld this judgment and the matter was on hold.
- The Sikh riots in the 1980s for creation of Khalistan as per Anandpur Sahib Resolution. This led to the violence between Sikh and Hindu people. It included religious, social and economic demands such as larger share of rivers, religious broadcasts and separate legislative Act for Sikh Shrines etc.
The political parties should not use any religious, political, social issues to gain political power. They should ensure harmony in their religion. They should not cause any pain and agony to the people at large. Mahatma Gandhi in his own words stated, “Those who say religion has nothing to do with politics do not know what religion is.” Religion and politics do not go hand in hand. Politics has no religion. It is leaders or the greedy Politicians who give politics a religion through which they ensure a path of success. India is a developing nation and on the verge of becoming super power, and the roadblock for development is the intra problem, which may destroy the country from the core. Therefore, as a citizen we should ensure communal harmony and peace in the country. We should not support the perpetrators of violence and disharmony.
This article has been authored by Medha Malik.